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Best Non-Toxic Christmas Tree Options

Written by Irina Webb

In this post, you are going to find answers to the question about what constitutes a non-toxic Christmas tree in today’s market.  Are the pre-lit Christmas trees or artificial Christmas trees with lights safer than organic Christmas trees?  And what about living Christmas trees?  There are so many options.  No wonder you are feeling uncertain and overwhelmed.  A wrong decision can cost you wasted money and unnecessary exposure to potentially harmful chemicals.

Instead of touting a specific safe Christmas tree option, let me do something better for you.  In my career as a full-time consumer product safety consultant and coach, I realize that knowing your options is very helpful.  Only when you understand what the alternatives are, can you make an informed decision about what you are willing to decorate your house with.

Best Non-Toxic Christmas Tree Options. A photo of a Christmas tree with cones and ornaments.

Artificial Fir Christmas Tree Safety

PVC in artificial Christmas Trees

Can an artificial tree be a good option for a non-toxic Christmas tree?  Artificial trees are normally made of PVC (polyvinyl chloride).  PVC is a type of plastic made of vinyl chloride that has been classified as “carcinogenic to humans” by the International Agency for Research on Cancer.  In addition to cancer concerns, PVC can contain harmful additives to impart certain characteristics on plastic and artificial fir Christmas trees.  These additives may include lead and phthalates.  Lead is linked to neurotoxicity and cancer and phthalates are linked to hormone disruption and cancer (source). 

In fact, the state of California requires trees containing PVC to carry a warning label regarding lead.

It is really hard to call an artificial tree a safe Christmas tree.

Flame retardants in artificial Christmas Trees

In addition, there is a possibility that an artificial fir Christmas tree may contain flame retardant chemicals.  In humans, halogenated fire-retardant chemicals are linked to:

  • reduced IQ (similar to lead poisoning),
  • infertility,
  • thyroid disruption,
  • oxidative DNA stress,
  • adverse effects on the immune system,
  • and possibly cancer (source). 

To read more about flame retardants, feel free to read this piece here.

Importantly, antimony, which is found in flame retardants, has not been classified as a carcinogen but there is an indication it might cause cancer in occupational settings (source).  It’s getting harder to call an artificial tree a non-toxic Christmas tree.

PVC free Christmas trees

As you can tell by now, it is best to look for PVC free Christmas trees.  My advice is not to rely simply on an online claim by a manufacturer that its trees are PVC-free.  Instead, you should contact the companies and ask them.  You might be surprised to find out that the information in an advertised product description does not always coincide with what the manufacturers will tell you when you call them.  In my experience, for some reason, this is particularly true with product descriptions that appear on Amazon.  Products change over time, and sometimes the Amazon product descriptions are outdated.

Are PVC-free trees safe Christmas trees?  Artificial fir PVC-free Christmas trees are normally made of polypropylene (PP) or polyethylene (PE).  These are safer types of plastic.  However, that does not guarantee that these Christmas trees will be free of lead and flame retardants.

Unfortunately, I have not found 100% PVC-free artificial trees. One of the best options in this category is Balsam Hill artificial trees. They are made of 64% polyethylene.

Ways to reduce exposure to lead and flame retardants in synthetic Christmas trees

Tamara Rubin of Lead Safe Mama tests artificial Christmas trees for the lead with XMF equipment.  It will show you the total amount of lead present in the tree.  If you already own an artificial fir Christmas tree, you can find out if it is a lead-free Christmas tree by contacting Tamara Rubin.   You can learn the details of her lead testing here

As for the flame retardants, please contact manufacturers and ask them for this information.

In conclusion, when shopping for a non-toxic Christmas tree, look for one that is a lead-free Christmas tree, one that is not treated with flame retardants and one that is made without PVC.

Precautions to take with synthetic trees

If you decide to buy an artificial Christmas tree, there are certain precautions you can take:

  • Wear gloves when setting it up and decorating.  In this case, pre-lit Christmas trees or Christmas trees with lights can be handy.
  • In general, don’t let kids touch the tree.  Some kids will be really good about this, while others will not be able to keep their hands off the tree.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly after handling (and don’t handle it if you’re pregnant).
  • Damp-mop/HEPA vacuum thoroughly.

Live Christmas Tree safety

If you want to use a real Christmas tree, that’s fine, but there are some potential issues there, too.  Let’s see if a live tree can be a safe Christmas tree.

Chemicals: Christmas trees may be covered with pesticides and herbicides.  In order to help guard against this, look for organically grown trees, or at least trees where the chemicals are sprayed around the trees as opposed to directly on them.  You can find organic Christmas tree farms here.

Mold:  I found references on the WebMD website, which warns that molds found in live Christmas trees can set off reactions like severe asthma attacks, fatigue, headaches, and sinus congestion. 

Allergies: If someone in your family (or someone who will be visiting) has allergies, they can be triggered by a real Christmas tree.  The allergies can be caused by tree sap, pollen, or terpenes.  You can read more about these allergies here.

Thus, even an organic Christmas tree may not be a fully non-toxic Christmas tree.

What about a Living Christmas Tree?

A few years ago, we decided to get a tree from a company called The Living Christmas Tree.  The idea is (wait for it) you rent a living tree.  A company delivers a tree to you, places it in your home, and picks it up after the holidays, all for one not so low price.  They will even save it for you for next year.  That sounded like a safe Christmas tree to us.  You can’t really pick out your tree, and so the tree will probably not look “perfect.”  It appears that there are a lot of companies that have sprung up that do the same type of thing; check your local listings as they say.

Our experience with it

We rented with the same company for three years.  The first year was pretty positive.  We bought a drip pan for changing oil and placed it on our hardwood floor.  They showed up on time and hauled the tree (it probably weighed several hundred pounds) up a short flight of stairs into our home.  They placed it in a watertight container on the drip pan I had placed.  I turned a flat spot toward the wall and put lights on it.  Our little boy decorated the bottom two feet, and I did the rest.  He loved it, and we loved the fact that it was not going to be firewood or landfill in a month.

The second year was a little bit different.  When they delivered the tree, it looked fine, but a little smaller than the first year’s.  And then, even though we followed the directions to put ice cubes in it every other day, the whole tree got very dry and lost a lot of needles.  It made us think that the tree had not been properly cared for over the summer.  Maybe I am wrong because I am not a tree expert, so this is just my opinion, but it was very different from our first year.

And then the following year, it was even worse.  The tree lost what seemed like most of its needles, even though again, every other day we emptied our ice tray into the bucket in which the tree sat.

Yes, this non-toxic Christmas tree was a bit pricey.  

Later we learned that one of the reasons our rented safe Christmas tree lost its needles was that true pines need cold winters to thrive, and they do not do well in our warm homes for longer than a week.

Living Norfolk Island Pine

A good option is to get a living Norfolk Island pine.   It is a tropical plant native to the South Pacific that looks like a true pine.  They remind of me of the Charlie Brown Christmas tree, in a good sense.  Because it is a tropical plant, it thrives in warm temperatures.  It can be grown indoors all year round.   You can start with a small inexpensive one, and it will grow bigger each year.  It can grow as tall as 200 feet.

Here are some Charlie Brown non-toxic Christmas tree options

Costa Farms Live Indoor Christmas Tree

Costa Farms Live Charlie Brown Christmas Tree

Conclusion about a safe Christmas tree

In conclusion, there is a lot to consider and there are no clear-cut answers.  There are drawbacks at every turn.  But now you have information to start doing your own research and figuring out what works for you and your family.  And if there is an option I have not covered here or if you have some thoughts and experience to share, please tell us in the comments.  I’d love to hear from you. 

For some lead-free or lead-safe Christmas decoration options as well as for other non-toxic products including an air purifier that you can use to improve air quality around the holiday tree, please visit my shop.

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35 thoughts on “Best Non-Toxic Christmas Tree Options”

    1. Luckily, there are options for lead-free Christmas lights. Lead is in chandeliers too. That would be a good topic for another post.

  1. All Natural Katie

    Great post! I have always wanted to have a living Christmas tree to bring it inside for the holidays, then place it back outside. I would probably have to put it in a decorated pot and it would probably have to be smaller in size as my husband and I would be the ones bringing it inside.

    For the past couple of years, we have been shopping at a local nursery (1 mile away) to our live Christmas tree. Yes, it does cost more than at a Lowe’s or Home Depot, but they trees always look better, smell better and last longer.

    Our neighborhood picks up the trees and mulches them. I would throw it in our compost pile, but evergreen trees take a lot longer to decompose.

    Maybe next year, I will start a tradition with a smaller living tree.

  2. lovely idea! do you know if they spray the trees with any insecticides. I LOVE this idea it it was available here. Merry Christmas

    1. They assured me that they do not spray with any insecticides and the trees are organic. The downside is you may get a few extra bugs in your house, which I personally do not mind. 🙂

  3. We have had a real living christmas tree the last couple of years.. It didn’t cost us much to buy and gets planted every year after christmas in our garden and dug out again the next christmas. It is not big but i feel better about having a living tree in the house, I can reuse it every year and it is cheap. May be worth considering over hiring a tree in a pot?

  4. I have a live Christmas tree. It is on the small side, but has pretty needles. I put it up on a stool and drape the bottom so it still looks quite festive and above eye level.

    This is my 4th. Each one gets used 3 Christmases and then planted so the price is about similar to buying a cut one. I keep it inside for just 1 week though, then it goes back outside, preferably in part shade because of how dry and hot it gets in the summer in San Rafael. One died before I could plant it but a bird had made a nest in it, so it was cool that it got to be used in that way. This one is on its third year and has lost its top, so we will have to be creative. It requires some loving care all year and that’s kind of nice too. I have to find someone to plant it at higher altitude, not in the Bay Area. My other trees were planted by a friend in San Leandro.

  5. Isn’t it rather good for the carbon footprint to cut down a living tree? Especially since they will only get planted for the Christmas industry…lots of young trees grow (which are able to absorb more carbon than old trees) get cut down for Christmas and then end in compost. For years I thought I’m doing at least no damage environmentally by buying an organic tree and put in in compost after?

  6. Do you know If there been any breakthroughs with an “eco friendly tree” since you wrote this article? For the past few years we have had a wooden driftwood tree but it is very small and my 3 little boys would love a “proper” Christmas tree this year.. I just can’t stand the thought of bringing all those chemicals into the house.

  7. Another few options would be to buy a living pine tree from a nursery and then if you have no place to plant it after Christmas (you live in an apt or have a smaller yard) you can donate it to a group that plants trees in your area (if you have one). Like here in Fresno we have a group called Tree Fresno who go around planting trees in public parks, school yards, & along streets. Or perhaps a friend with a larger yard would like it? Or another option is to get a living Norfolk Island pine which is a tropical plant (not technically a true pine) that can be grown indoors year round. Starting with a small one is very inexpensive & each year your tree will be a little bit bigger giving you more to decorate. Also, part of the reason your rented trees may have struggled is because true pines need the cold winters & so don’t do well in our warm homes for long. True pines should only be kept indoors for a week (or maybe two) tops.

    1. Hi, Kayleigh! It is so nice to hear from you. I hope you are making a good progress with your health. Thank you so much for these helpful suggestions. I did a search and found this Norfork Island pine, which looks quite attractive. Thank you! ~Irina

  8. I buy a cut tree and then hose it off really well in the back yard before bringing it inside (after letting it dry for a few hours). Do you think that will remove the pesticides and herbicides? I haven’t found a single bug in my house since I started hosing off my trees before bringing them in! I also buy my trees from stores that don’t store them on parking lots with nasty oil and transmission fluid stains.

    1. It sounds like the right thing to do. I think it removes some pesticides and herbicides off it. Probably not all of them though. Thank you for sharing, Dusan. ~Irina

    1. Same! Would like a recommendation please!! Anyone? I can’t find a PVC and one that doesn’t have flame retardant. Thanks!

      1. Ikea’s trees are made of polyethylene and polypropylene. I have read they also are free of flame retardants, but have not received confirmation of that from Ikea. They are very sparse trees, though. I would really love one that is fuller looking.

    1. Thank you for asking this question, Sandy. I understand IKEA carries some PVC-free trees but you have to confirm that with them. ~Irina

  9. HI. I’m loving this discussion and it’s exactly the reason why i’ve been creating the Conscious Christmas tree for the last almost 4 years. For me, the biggest point after PVC (which is super scary) and the fact that they contain an array of inappropriate chemical additives, is the fact that all current artificial Christmas trees are NOT recyclable. Even if you keep them for 20 years + they will still end up in landfill or in an incinerator. If you think that between 15 and 18 million are sold every year in the USA alone that’s a lot of waste!

    The Conscious Christmas tree will be fully recyclable and won’t contain any PVC or harsh chemicals like halogenated Fire retardants. We believe we’ve found an antimony free, halogen free and organohalogen free fire retardant and are shortly beginning trials! The tree is modular so if a piece breaks you can easily repair the tree. My hope is that this tree will never need to be thrown away! (my website is off line at the moment – it’s getting a long over due revamp!)

    The trees will be made firstly in the UK and I won’t be shipping to the USA yet, unfortunately. However, during the next years we hope to bring proudction to the US to serve the US market. We understand that people are becoming more consicous about products they buy and we have to support that.

    I love your blog and often see your posts on IG. Thank you for all that you do in raising awareness and supporting people on their journey to a healthy non-toxic lifestyle. Best wishes, Hayley

  10. Those should be “RoHS compliant” products, European standards. I bought mine years ago at “Environmental Lights”, but they discontinued.

  11. Thank you for the information. Sadly, the more I learn about our options for choosing a Christmas tree, the more I realize that I am dealing with an “inconvenient truth”: This wonderful custom that I have enjoyed since childhood may have some very bad unintended consequences.

  12. I know this is an old post but thought it was important to share that I just called balsam hill (nov 2020) and they said all of their trees now contain antimony trioxide. So sad!

      1. I know, total bummer!! I’m trying to find out now if west elm’s cashmere tree is free of flame retardants, but am getting mixed answers from their customer service. Will keep you posted as it may be interesting for your readers.

        Love your site!!

      2. Wanted to share… I ended up ordering the cashmere tree from West Elm (they assured me no pvc or flame retardants) but it came and clearly has pvc and glitter so it’s going back!

        I found one from home depot that says 100% Pe but says it’s flame resistant… but their customer service says it doesn’t have flame retardants and no prop 65 warning … fingers crossed it’s actually all pe.. may order and let you know what I t

    1. what a shame! Antimony trioxide is a cheap and effective fire retardant, I guess that’s why it’s used most in the artificial Christmas tree industry. It took me two years and a lot of resources to find and test a good fire retardant that was halogen and antimony free. Downside is, its way more expensive, but I never set off on this journey to make any compromises with the peoples health.

      Thanks to Irinas insights I believe more and more people are realizing new ways how they can have a healthy home environment.
      Best wishes and merry Christmas 🎄
      Hayley Burke
      Founder Conscious Christmas Tree

  13. Do you know if Christmas lights made with polyethylene are lead-free? Target sells a lot of Phillips lights that I noticed don’t have PVC, but I can’t figure out if that means they are lead-free or at the very least low-lead (under 100ppm).

    1. Hi, Allie: Polyethelene lights are certainly safer than PVC but that does not mean that they are lead-free or lead-safe. ~Irina

      1. Thank you. Where would lead be contained in lights made of polyethylene? I know with PVC lead is a component contained within it, so lead can be on the surface with those lights. Curious about Polyethylene lights though.

        1. Hi, Allie: Polyethylene does not have the same heavy metal concerns as PVC. However, heavy metals can be in the paint, too. ~Irina

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